What Causes Spots On The Face?

Face spots have a huge effect on self-esteem, but being aware of the root causes is essential for combating them.

What causes spots?

Discover the possible reasons for pimples on the face and how your lifestyle and cleansing routine could be affecting your skin.

5 reasons you could be getting pimples

Changes to hormones

The sebaceous glands are particularly sensitive to hormonal changes. As teenagers’ hormone levels change so dramatically during puberty, this puts them at particular risk of hormone-related acne.

5 reasons you could be getting pimples


Acne and pimples are often passed down in the genes, which means people whose parents had acne are more likely to suffer from it themselves.

5 reasons you could be getting pimples

Use of harsh skin care products

When it comes to the choice of the right cleansing product, gentleness is key for all skin types. Therefore the usage of gentle cleansing products like NIVEA Caring Micellar for sensitive skin is reasonable.

5 reasons you could be getting pimples


Smoking, besides many other bad effects, decreases the skin’s blood circulation, which is responsible for beautiful skin in the first place. Furthermore, the carcinogens each cigarette contains can lead to irritated skin and therefore make it especially prone to noticable problems.

5 reasons you could be getting pimples

Certain medications

Some medications can cause skin problems, like acne and spots flaring up. It’s best to speak to your doctor if you’re concerned.

The science behind spots

Most people suffer from some pimples at some stage in their life and it's extremely common among people in their teenage years. This can range from the odd monthly face spot to more serious acne.

Small hair follicles are located in the skin, each with a sebaceous gland attached to it. These glands are responsible for secreting an oil known as sebum to prevent the skin and hair from drying out. Pimples develop when the skin's sebaceous oil glands become clogged and inflamed. This tends to happen around what's known as the T-zone, which refers to the area surrounding the forehead, nose and chin. This is a key contributor to developing face spots.


Don’t let spots and acne get you down! Here are some easy ways to treat pimples and prevent them from coming back.

5 ways to prevent spots

Avoid Touching your face

Even if you wash your hands very regularly, you'd be surprised at how many germs and bacteria they carry. These are easily transferred when you touch your face, which can encourage pimples to form.

5 ways to prevent spots

Pay attention to your hair

Make sure to wash your hair regularly in your routine. It can be a carrier of additional impurities like oils. Other hair tips for avoiding the transfer of oils is ensuring long hair is pulled back away from the face.

5 ways to prevent spots

Don’t forget to exercise

Regular exercise is very beneficial for your skin, as it promotes blood circulation, supporting the oxygen supply in your skin cells. However, it’s important to remember to thoroughly wash your face after exercising with a suitable cleanser for acne.

5 ways to prevent spots

Watch your diet

A poor diet could be making pimple outbreaks worse, as the skin may be lacking in essential nutrients. Avoid unbalanced meals and ensure you’re eating enough fruit, vegetables and whole grains to help your skin have a healthy complexion.

5 ways to prevent spots

Avoid makeup during a breakout

Try to use makeup sparingly when your acne is flaring up and always ensure that any makeup you do wear is completely washed off before you go to bed. 

Don’t forget to cleanse in the morning!

Your morning cleanse is just as important as your evening cleanse. It rids the skin of any sweat, sebum and dirt particles that may have built up in the pores overnight, which could otherwise lead to pimples.

How to treat face spots

A good daily skin care routine is a huge part of any treatment for blemish prone skin and will help prevent any new pimples from forming. Make sure you are cleansing twice a day to rid the pores of any dirt, grime and pollution. Each of these plays a pivotal role in forming face spots, and cleansing them will help in preventing spots. If you find yourself travelling frequently, try using NIVEA Daily Essentials Gentle Exfoliating Scrub to deeply cleanse and refine your skin.

An antibacterial moisturiser like NIVEA Control Shine Day Care provides your skin with 24 hour moisture and simultaneously reduces shine. Additionally, the formula with magnolia extract fights blemishes and helps prevent spots.

Choose your moisturiser wisely

Don’t be afraid of using moisturiser if you have pimples. A light moisturiser will reduce shine without clogging the pores. Plus it even has a high performing formula to effectively fight existing spots and helps to prevent blemishes. 

5 tips for maintaining clear skin

  • Make sure you're drinking enough water to keep your skin hydrated. Hydrated skin is paramount in spot prevention.
  • Try to use warm water rather than hot water for cleansing.
  • Gently pat your skin dry with a towel instead of rubbing it.
  • Take some time to relax and unwind - stress might make your skin condition worse.
  • Regularly wash your pillowcases to prevent the spread of bacteria which cause face spots.